Kukulcania hibernalis
(Southern House Spider)

Taxonomic Hierarchy

  • Kingdom: Animalia
  • Phylum: Arthropoda
  • Class: Arachnida
  • Order: Araneae
  • Suborder: Araneomorphae
  • Family: Filistatidae
  • Genus: Kukulcania
  • Species: Kukulcania hibernalis

Common Name (AASMore information icon)

Southern House Spider

Other Common Names

Crevice Weaver, Cribellate Crevice Weaver, Primitive Cribellate Spider

Author

Nicholas Marcellus Hentz, 1842

Pronunciation

koo-kool-KAY-nee-uh hy-ber-NAY-liss

Identification Traits

Disclaimer: The following table provides a quick overview of the spider's basic attributes. The physical traits are greatly generalized in order to aid in the identification and sorting of spider species using our search feature. This information is not exhaustive, and keep in mind that traits such as color, markings, and overall size and shape can vary widely within a species due to variables such as the spider's age, gender, diet, hydration level, climate, and habitat. Though experienced arachnologists and hobbyists can often classify spiders rather accurately based on their unique markings and general appearance, it's important to know that scientifically accurate spider identification relies on detailed taxonomic keys and microscopic examinations of a spider's reproductive organs.

Female iconFemale Male iconMale
Body size More information icon 13mm - 25mm 9mm - 12mm
Eye count 8
Primary Colors
Identifying Traits Smooth or shiny appearance, Fuzzy or hairy appearance, Patternless, Visible spines on legs, Legs solid color, Especially long legs
Web style Mesh web


Additional Remarks

  • The males of this genus are frequently mistaken for “brown recluses” and other species in the genus Loxosceles (family Sicariidae), and persecuted needlessly. Males wander in search of females and may occasionally stray indoors at that time.
  • Mated females lay about 200 eggs, wrapping them loosely in a silken sac roughly 15 mm in diameter, and guarding them inside their funnel-like retreat.
  • The eight eyes, clustered together on a central “mound” on the front of the carapace, sometimes cause the spider to be mistaken for a primitive spider in the suborder Mygalomorphae.
  • Spiderlings of this species are considered “social;” they exhibit sibling recognition, co-operative prey capture and feeding, and formation of aggregations, both after feeding and after dispersal from their mother’s web.
  • Females can live for up to 8 years or more; extremely long-lived for an araneomorph spider. They continue to molt even after they’ve reached sexual maturity.

Featured Pictures

Picture of Kukulcania hibernalis (Southern House Spider) - Female - Dorsal Enlarge picture icon
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Picture of Kukulcania hibernalis (Southern House Spider) - Female - Lateral Enlarge picture icon
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Picture of Kukulcania hibernalis (Southern House Spider) - Female - Dorsal,Eyes,Webs Enlarge picture icon
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Picture of Kukulcania hibernalis (Southern House Spider) - Female - Dorsal,Webs Enlarge picture icon
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Picture of Kukulcania hibernalis (Southern House Spider) - Male - Dorsal,Lateral Enlarge picture icon
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Picture of Kukulcania hibernalis (Southern House Spider) - Male - Dorsal Enlarge picture icon
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Picture of Kukulcania hibernalis (Southern House Spider) - Male - Dorsal Enlarge picture icon
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Picture of Kukulcania hibernalis (Southern House Spider) - Webs Enlarge picture icon
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