Argiope aurantia
(Black and Yellow Garden Spider)

Taxonomic Hierarchy

  • Kingdom: Animalia
  • Phylum: Arthropoda
  • Class: Arachnida
  • Order: Araneae
  • Suborder: Araneomorphae
  • Family: Araneidae
  • Genus: Argiope
  • Species: Argiope aurantia

Common Name (AASMore information icon)

Yellow Garden Spider

Other Common Names

Black and Yellow Garden Spider, Black and Yellow Argiope, Garden Spider, Writing Spider, Golden Orb-weaver

Author

Hippolyte Lucas, 1833

Pronunciation

ahr-JY-oh-pee aw-RAN-shee-uh

Identification Traits

Disclaimer: The following table provides a quick overview of the spider's basic attributes. The physical traits are greatly generalized in order to aid in the identification and sorting of spider species using our search feature. This information is not exhaustive, and keep in mind that traits such as color, markings, and overall size and shape can vary widely within a species due to variables such as the spider's age, gender, diet, hydration level, climate, and habitat. Though experienced arachnologists and hobbyists can often classify spiders rather accurately based on their unique markings and general appearance, it's important to know that scientifically accurate spider identification relies on detailed taxonomic keys and microscopic examinations of a spider's reproductive organs.

Female iconFemale Male iconMale
Body size More information icon 14mm - 28mm 5mm - 8mm
Eye count 8
Primary Colors
Identifying Traits Smooth or shiny appearance, Fuzzy or hairy appearance, Cylindrical or elongated body, Unique pattern, Striped or banded legs, Visible spines on legs
Web style Orb web


Additional Remarks

  • One of the largest members of the orb weaver family Araneidae in North America. Because of its size and bright coloration, it’s one of the most commonly known and recognized by observers.
  • This species takes most of its potty breaks at night, and often leaves its web to do so (Curtis & Carrel 2000).
  • As a defensive strategy, this spider may rapidly shake and vibrate in its web; the shaking blurs the spider and makes it appear bigger than it really is.
  • Egg sacs are made of tough brown silk, are spherical or pear-shaped, about 20-25mm in diameter, and can contain 400 to 1,200 yellowish eggs, sometimes even more. Females can make 3 or 4 of them, roughly one or two weeks apart. Spiderlings (baby spiders) overwinter inside the egg sac and emerge in the spring.

Featured Pictures

Picture of Argiope aurantia (Black and Yellow Garden Spider) - Lateral,Webs Enlarge picture icon
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Picture of Argiope aurantia (Black and Yellow Garden Spider) - Female - Ventral,Webs Enlarge picture icon
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Picture of Argiope aurantia (Black and Yellow Garden Spider) - Female - Dorsal,Webs Enlarge picture icon
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Picture of Argiope aurantia (Black and Yellow Garden Spider) - Female - Dorsal,Webs Enlarge picture icon
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Picture of Argiope aurantia (Black and Yellow Garden Spider) - Female - Dorsal,Webs Enlarge picture icon
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Picture of Argiope aurantia (Black and Yellow Garden Spider) - Female - Ventral,Webs Enlarge picture icon
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Picture of Argiope aurantia (Black and Yellow Garden Spider) - Female - Lateral Enlarge picture icon
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Picture of Argiope aurantia (Black and Yellow Garden Spider) - Female - Dorsal,Webs Enlarge picture icon
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