Leucauge venusta
(Orchard Orb-weaver)

Featured spider picture The spider species Leucauge venusta, commonly known as Orchard Orb-weaver, belongs to the genus Leucauge, in the family Tetragnathidae. Leucauge venusta spiders have been sighted 49 times by contributing members. Based on collected data, the geographic range for Leucauge venusta includes 1 countries and 20 states in the United States. Leucauge venusta is most often sighted outdoors, and during the month of May.

Taxonomic Hierarchy

  • Kingdom: Animalia
  • Phylum: Arthropoda
  • Class: Arachnida
  • Order: Araneae
  • Suborder: Araneomorphae
  • Family: Tetragnathidae
  • Genus: Leucauge
  • Species: Leucauge venusta

Common Name (AASMore information icon)

Orchard Orb-weaver

Other Common Names

Orchard Spider, Longjawed Orbweaver, Venusta Orchard Spider

Author

Charles Athanase Walckenaer, 1841

Primary Colors


Sightings Overview

There have been 49 confirmed sightings of Leucauge venusta (Orchard Orb-weaver), with the most recent sighting submitted on October 4, 2018 by Spider ID member velvetmarmoset. The detailed statistics below may not utilize the complete dataset of 49 sightings because of certain Leucauge venusta sightings reporting incomplete data.

  • Web: 89% of the time, Leucauge venusta spiders are sighted in a spider web (Sample size: 27)
  • Sex: 19 female and 6 male.
  • Environment: Leucauge venusta has been sighted 31 times outdoors, and 2 times indoors.
  • Outdoors: Man-made structure (16). Low foliage (7). High foliage (4). Freshwater river, lake, stream (2). Forest (2).

Location and Range

Leucauge venusta (Orchard Orb-weaver) has been sighted in the following countries: United States.

Leucauge venusta has also been sighted in the following states: Alabama, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Louisiana, Maryland, Massachusetts, Mississippi, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Washington, D.C., West Virginia, Wisconsin.

Seasonality

Leucauge venusta has been primarily sighted during the month of May.

  • January:
  • February:
  • March: 3
  • April: 3
  • May: 18
  • June: 15
  • July: 1
  • August: 1
  • September: 1
  • October: 1
  • November:
  • December:

Additional Remarks

  • Abdominal coloration is silvery-white with a dark line in the middle, from which four pairs of more-or-less distinct bars branch to the side. There are also shimmery green, yellow-gold, and orange markings on the sides.
  • On the underside of the abdomen, there may be two bright orange-red or copper colored triangles, especially in immature specimens. It doesn’t happen very often, but the species may occasionally by confused for a “black widow” because of this marking.
  • In Florida, there is a nearly identical species called Leucauge argyra. The two can be officially separated by the details of their genitalia, but there is also a noticeable difference in the dorsal and ventral abdominal patterning.
  • Sometimes mistaken for Mecynogea lemniscata (the “Basilica Orbweaver,” family Araneidae) because of the similar body shape and coloration, but the webs of these two species are very different, as are the egg sacs.
  • Orb web is typically horizontal (or slightly inclined), and has an irregular barrier of threads below it.
  • Egg sac is constructed of loose, fluffy orange-white silk and can be made inside a rolled up leaf off to the side of the web, or attached to a twig. One sac was recorded as being 8-9 millimeters in diameter and containing several hundred reddish-orange eggs loosely stuck together, each one about 0.4 millimeters in diameter (Levi 1980).

Featured Pictures

Picture of Leucauge venusta (Orchard Orb-weaver) - Spiderlings,Ventral,Webs Enlarge Picture
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Picture of Leucauge venusta (Orchard Orb-weaver) - Ventral,Webs Enlarge Picture
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Picture of Leucauge venusta (Orchard Orb-weaver) - Ventral,Webs Enlarge Picture
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Picture of Leucauge venusta (Orchard Orb-weaver) - Male - Dorsal Enlarge Picture
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Picture of Leucauge venusta (Orchard Orb-weaver) - Dorsal Enlarge Picture
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Picture of Leucauge venusta (Orchard Orb-weaver) - Dorsal Enlarge Picture
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Picture of Leucauge venusta (Orchard Orb-weaver) - Dorsal Enlarge Picture
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Picture of Leucauge venusta (Orchard Orb-weaver) - Ventral Enlarge Picture
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